The Nile River - Still Critically Important to Life in Egypt
By Cixx Admin Date Posted.. 2010-10-01 14:39:10
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The Nile River is the longest river in the world.  It is over 4,000 miles long. The Nile begins in Sudan, Africa, near Khartoum, Sudan.   Two other rivers flow together to form the Nile. These are the Blue Nile and the White Nile. The Nile River is a north flowing river and it travels through the countries of Sudan and Egypt in Africa.  It empties into the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt. The word Nile means “the great river” in Egyptian.

In ancient Egypt the Nile was considered to be a pathway to the afterlife. When people died, they believed the Nile would lead them to where they were supposed to go . The Egyptians believed that gods, such as Hapy controlled the flooding of the Nile that helped their crops to grow.  The Nile River valley is one of the most fertile areas in the world. This is owing primarily to the fact that over ages of flooding, flood silt deposits have built up to create a very deep level of top soil. What is more, continuous flooding brings new layers of silt and top soil, creating near ideal conditions for crop growth along the Nile River.   

Most people in ancient times lived next to the Nile.  This is still true today. Population centers owe their existence in large measure to the life giving waters of the Nile. Crops such as wheat and flax thrive in the verdant Nile valley and provide food for the swelling populations along the Nile. Of course, the Nile also also serves as an important source of fresh water for people and animals.  Papyrus trees grow along the banks of the Nile. The bark from these Papyrus trees was used by early inhabitants to make paper and advance the Egyptian civilization. The Nile was a very important part of their lives of millions of Africans throughout the ages.   The Nile also provided a convenient way for the Egyptians to travel between cities along the river in boats.  This allowed the early Egyptians to establish important trade routes for their crops and other goods.

The Nile River remains one of the most important rivers in the world. It is still used extensively for transportation, agriculture and as a critical source of water for millions of people in Africa.

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